Skoda Felicia

since 1994 release

Repair and operation of the car



Skoda Felicia
+ Cars of the Skoda Felicia brand
+ Maintenance instruction
+ Routine maintenance
- Repair of the engine
   - Repair without extraction from the car of the petrol engine of 1.3 l
      Description of the main knots and mechanisms
      Check of a condition of conrod and piston group on hearing and measurement of compression pressure in cylinders
      Reduction of the piston of the first cylinder in the provision of the top dead point (TDP)
      Removal and installation of a cover of a casing of the camshaft
      Removal, check of a state and installation of assembly of an axis of yokes
      Removal and installation of a head of cylinders assembled with the inlet pipeline and a final collector
      Removal, check of a state and installation of a forward cover, chain and asterisks of the GRM drive
      Removal, check of a state and installation of components of the oil pump
      Removal and installation of the pallet of a case of the engine
      Replacement of epiploons of a bent shaft
      Removal, check of a state and installation of a flywheel
      Check of a state and replacement of rubber pillows of support of a suspension bracket of the power unit
      Removal, installation and adjustment of effort of a tension of a belt of the drive of auxiliary units
   + Repair without extraction from the car of the petrol engine of 1.6 l
   + Repair without extraction from the car of the diesel engine
   + Dismantle of the power unit and capital repairs of the engine
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply system
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Coupling
+ Transmission
+ Power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body and finishing of salon
+ Onboard electric equipment





Check of a condition of conrod and piston group on hearing and measurement of compression pressure in cylinders

Check aurally

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. At working order of conrod and piston group the engine works quietly, and on single turns oil pressure in lubricant system does not fall below an admissible limit.
2. The knock of pistons arises at the moments of blows from about walls of sleeves of cylinders owing to too free landing. The side play of pistons is shown in the form of bumps and shown mainly at increase in loads of the engine, or in operating time of the cold engine on single turns. Intensity of knock in process of a warming up of the engine can decrease, up to total disappearance.
3. The knock of piston fingers arises also owing to excessive weakening of their landing and is clearly distinguishable aurally, usually in the form of a dual metal clang at the heated-up engine working at single turns. The easiest way of identification of a faulty finger is serial shutdown of spark plugs at the working engine - after shutdown of the faulty cylinder the knock disappears.
4. Knocks of bearings of a bent shaft are shown in the form of strong metal blows which intensity increases with increase in turns.


Check of compression pressure in cylinders - an order of holding a procedure and interpretation of results

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. At decrease in efficiency of return of the engine, and also in case of admissions of ignition which do not manage to be tied to violations of functioning of systems of ignition and food, it is necessary to perform measurement of compression pressure in cylinders which analysis of results will allow to define the general condition of the engine. Regular performance of check of compression pressure will help to reveal symptoms of malfunctions in time and to prevent development of their reasons.
2. The engine has to be heated-up up to the normal working temperature, the battery is completely charged, all spark plugs are unscrewed (see the Head Routine maintenance). Also the help of the assistant will be required.
3. Cut off power system of ignition, having disconnected VV an ignition coil wire from a cover of the distributor and having grounded it on the block of cylinders (use a wire crossing point). On models without distributor of ignition disunite the electric socket on the ignition coil block in a forward part of a head of cylinders.
4. In order to avoid damage of the catalytic converter dump pressure in system of injection and disconnect a power supply system, having taken out the relay of the fuel pump (see the Head the Power supply system).
5. Connect компрессометр to a candle opening of the 1st cylinder (preferably to use the measuring instrument with a carving tip).
6. Ask the assistant to squeeze out against the stop a pedal of an accelerator and to turn the engine a starter. After the first two provorachivaniye of a bent shaft instrument reading has to reach the maximum value. Write down result.
7. Repeat measurement for the remained cylinders, write down results.
8. Pressure in all cylinders has to be almost identical ranging from 11 to 15 bars. The difference in indications exceeding value of 1.5 bars should be considered as a violation sign. Inadmissibly also lowering of compression pressure below 10 bars.
9. Remember that pressure in the serviceable engine has to rise quickly enough. The low indication on the first step with gradual increase it on the subsequent, speaks about wear of piston rings.
10. If pressure does not rise at all, it is necessary to check tightness of closing of valves and a condition of laying of a head of cylinders (also the probability of formation of cracks in a head is not excluded). The congestion of deposits on the lower surfaces of plates of valves can also cause loss of compression pressure.
11. If results of measurements appear below admissible value, it is necessary to try to define the reason of loss of pressure. The most elementary of checks is injection through a candle opening in the corresponding cylinder about one teaspoon of lubricating oil with the subsequent repetition of measurement of compression pressure.
12. If right after addition in the oil cylinder pressure of compression is temporarily restored, it is necessary to estimate degree of wear of pistons, walls of cylinders and piston rings. Otherwise, it is possible to tell about violation of tightness of closing of valves (for example, as a result of a progar) or damage of laying of a head of cylinders (or actually heads).
13. Equally low pressure in two next cylinders with big degree of probability demonstrates damage of the crossing point of laying of a head of cylinders located between them. Availability of cooling liquid in motive oil will confirm this assumption.
14. If pressure in one of cylinders is about 20% lower, than in the others, and stability of turns of idling of the engine is slightly broken, wear of a working ledge of the corresponding cam of the camshaft can be the reason of this phenomenon.
15. Excessively high compression pressure testifies to a strong nagaroobrazovaniye in combustion chambers. In this case the head should be removed and subjected to decarbonization.
16. In conclusion, screw candles, establish to the place of the relay of the fuel pump and put into operation system of ignition.