Skoda Felicia

since 1994 release

Repair and operation of the car



Skoda Felicia
+ Cars of the Skoda Felicia brand
+ Maintenance instruction
+ Routine maintenance
+ Repair of the engine
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply system
- Engine electric equipment
   + Systems of a charge and start
   - System of ignition of petrol engines
      General information
      Diagnostics of malfunctions of system of ignition and check of a condition of its components
      Removal and installation of the coil of ignition
      Removal and installation of the distributor of ignition
      Check and correction of a corner of an advancing of ignition
      Removal and installation of information sensors of system of ignition
   + System of preheat of diesel engines
+ Coupling
+ Transmission
+ Power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body and finishing of salon
+ Onboard electric equipment





Diagnostics of malfunctions of system of ignition and check of a condition of its components

When performing any works on service of components of system at the included ignition it is necessary to observe special precautionary measures. Receiving electric shock can cause the most serious consequences. Performance of service of components of system is forbidden to persons with the implanted pacemaker. At connection or a detachment of any components, and also when using the universal measuring instrument of chains for determination of electric resistance do not forget to switch off ignition!


System of static ignition Simos


On the models equipped with system of ignition Simos 2P where the distributor is not provided, only extremely narrow range of checks can be made by forces of the average amateur mechanic.

In case of any problems connected with violation of functioning of system of ignition always first of all check quality of contact connections of an electrical wiring on the bobbin module and the RPM meter and provisions of a bent shaft. Also estimate a condition of isolation of an electrical wiring.

Check quality of landing of the bobbin module on all spark plugs. Also check a condition actually of candles - you remember that candles in systems of ignition with a single spark are subject to the increased wear.

Remove the RPM meter and provisions of a bent shaft and attentively study its state (see the Section Removal and installation of information sensors of system of ignition).

If during performance of the listed above checks it is not possible to establish a cause of infringement, the car should be driven away for more detailed diagnostics of system of ignition on company car repair shop of the Skoda company.

All other systems

The most typical causes of failures

The majority of refusals of systems of ignition are connected with violation of quality of contact connections of a chain, or with leakages of current in VV a contour. Leaks usually happen owing to formation of the coal paths appearing as a result of electric breakdowns at excessive pollution, moistening or mechanical destruction of components. Before making the decision on replacement of the suspected component always at first check an electrical wiring. Work without hurrying, methodically checking each of certain sites of a chain, trying by method of exceptions to reveal the damaged sector. In most cases spraying of a surface of the VV components of a contour of system a special moisture absorber of the WD40 type helps.

Can check existence of a spark in the become habitual way by a food wire present to the engine block in this case it is not recommended, not only in view of the increased risk of receiving an electroshock, but also in order to avoid failure of VV of a contour of the coil. it is not necessary also to try to reveal the cylinder in which admissions of ignition, by a serial detachment of wires from each of candles take place.

The engine is not started


If the engine is not turned at all, or rotates too slowly, check a condition of the rechargeable battery and a starter. Connect the voltmeter between polar plugs of the battery (with respect for polarity: "+" to "+"; "-" to "-"). Disconnect a wire of the coil of ignition from a VV distributor cover and ground it on a workshop of car service. Consider instrument reading at an engine provorachivaniye a starter (do not turn the engine continuously more than 10 seconds). If the result of measurement makes less than 9.5 In, check a condition of the battery and serviceability of functioning of systems of start and a charge.

If the engine is turned with a normal speed, but at the same time is not started, it is necessary to check VV a contour of system of ignition. Following instructions of manufacturers, connect a stroboscope, then turn the engine a starter. If the stroboscope regularly blinks, therefore tension moves on spark plugs and it is necessary to check a condition of the last. If the stroboscope does not react to an engine provorachivaniye, check a state actually VV of wires, then distributor covers, coal contact brushes and the runner.

If there are no violations in sparking, check serviceability of functioning of a power supply system.

Malfunction in NV of a part of system of ignition can be a cause of infringement of sparking. Check serviceability of giving of food in 12 V for the ignition coil. Estimate a condition of contact connections and an electrical wiring. Check actually the coil. Malfunction of the switch of ignition, or combustion of a safety lock can be the reason of lack of food on the coil.

Remember that malfunction of system of the anticreeping alarm system or an immobilizator of the engine can be an engine cause of failure from start. Before continuing checks, make sure that the anticreeping system is properly disconnected.

If it is not possible to establish a sparking cause of infringement during the carried-out inspections, it is necessary to drive away the car on car repair shop for performance of diagnostics of malfunctions of a control system of the engine.

Admissions of ignition take place


Violation of stability of sparking most often results from violation of quality of contact connections or emergence of changeable defect in NV a system contour. Malfunction of VV of a contour of system, or damage of the bobbin party of the runner is the second reason of admissions of ignition. In certain cases lead failures of the RPM meter and the provision of a cranked shaft / Hall to violation of stability of ignition (see the Section Removal and installation of information sensors of system of ignition).

At the switched-off ignition carefully check an external condition of all components of system, paying special attention to quality of contact connections. In the presence of near at hand necessary equipment check a condition of an electrical wiring and quality of the NV contact connections of a contour of ignition.

Make sure that VV the ignition coil, the cover of the distributor and VV of a wire are free from dirt and moisture. By method of substitution of obviously serviceable components check a condition of VV of wires and spark plugs, then examine a cover, coal brushes and the runner of the distributor.

Regular admissions of ignition with high degree of probability are connected with damages of a cover of the distributor., VV of wires or spark plugs. By means of a stroboscope make sure available supply voltage VV on candles.

If VV a signal on one of sechy is absent, malfunction of the given VV of a wire or a cover of the distributor is a cause of failure. In the presence of tension on all candles it is necessary to check a condition of each of them separately.

Lack of VV of tension on all spark plugs speaks about malfunction of the coil of ignition - its secondary winding can be punched as a result of influence of high electric loadings.

Other violations


If it is not possible to establish a cause of infringement during performance of the listed above checks, it is necessary to ask for the help specialists of car service.

Check of a condition of components of system of ignition

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

Information provided in this subsection belongs only to systems with the ignition distributor.


1. The condition of VV (candle) wires has to be checked every time when replacing spark plugs.
2. At a wire detachment from a candle it is necessary to pull only for its tip. Otherwise there is a risk of damage of contact plugs.

Before disconnecting candle wires, make sure available on them factory marking. In case of need mark wires independently by means of an adhesive tape, having inscribed on them numbers of the corresponding cylinders.

3. Check an internal surface of a tip of a wire for existence of traces of corrosion in the form of a white powdery raid. Densely pull a tip on a spark plug shaft, having tracked reliability of its landing. In case of need again disconnect a wire and correct position of the contact plug in a tip.
4. Carefully wipe with pure rags wire VV on all their length, deleting traces of dirt and lubricant from the surface of isolation. Having cleared wires, check them for existence of progar, cracks and other damages of isolation. Try not to bend excessively wires in order to avoid risk of injury of veins of the conductor.
5. Disconnect the second end of a wire from the plug on an ignition distributor cover (besides pull only for a tip!). Check a tip for existence of traces of corrosion. In the presence of near at hand ohmmeter determine the specific resistive resistance of a wire. Compare result of measurement to requirements of Specifications. At connection of a wire track reliability of landing of a tip on the plug.
6. Working in a similar manner, check a condition of all VV of wires of system of ignition, including main, going from the central plug on a distributor cover to the ignition coil.
7. Replaceable VV of a wire should be got the set which is specially released for use on cars of this brand.


Distributor cover

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Release spring clamps and uncover the ignition distributor. Carefully wipe a cover and attentively examine it from the internal and external parties regarding identification of cracks, coal paths, the burned-through contacts and other damages. Estimate degree of wear of coal brushes, check freedom of their movement in holders and pressing density to the contact surface of the runner.

2. In order to avoid violation of an order of ignition do not disconnect from the subject replacement of a cover at the same time all wires. Having serially transferred wires to plugs of a new cover, strongly fix the last by fixing screws / spring clamps.
3. Having finished service of system sprinkle a surface of components of its VV of a part a moisture absorber.


Distributor runner

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Uncover the distributor.

2. Check an external condition of the runner. Strictly speaking, the runner can be changed together with a distributor cover regardless of their state along with installation of new VV of wires, however, in view of the fact that on models of 1.3 l the runner is very densely put on a distributor shaft, it is necessary to consult previously with specialists of car service. On models of 1.6 l the runner easily is removed from a shaft

3. Check a condition of contacts of the runner - one of them is located in the central part of a component and constantly contacts coal contact of the central plug of a cover of the distributor, to the second serve a working part of a nose which serially adjoins to segment contacts of plugs of candle wires in a cover. By means of a fine-grained emery paper smooth out contact surfaces, having completely removed from them traces of coal deposits.
4. Installation is made upside-down. Track that the directing ledge of the runner entered reciprocal deepening of a shaft of the distributor, only after it start installation of a cover.



Ignition coil

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Disunite NV the ignition coil socket, and also disconnect from it the main VV a distributor wire.

2. Connect the universal measuring instrument of electric chains between plugs 1 (1) and 15 (+) (see an accompanying illustration) and measure the resistive resistance of primary winding of the coil. compare result of measurement to requirements of Specifications.

3. Now connect the device between VV the plug (4) and the plug 15 (+) and measure resistance of a secondary winding. Compare result to the value stipulated in Specifications.
4. Restore initial connection of an electrical wiring.
5. If right after an engine stop the case of the coil is hot to the touch, it can indicate existence of damages of internal isolation.