Skoda Felicia

since 1994 release

Repair and operation of the car



Skoda Felicia
- Cars of the Skoda Felicia brand
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, tool and equipment of a workplace
   Operations procedure in extreme situations
   Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
   Change of wheels
   Poddomkrachivaniye and towage
   Identification of leaks
   Checks of readiness of the car for operation
   Automobile chemicals, oils and lubricants
   Diagostika of malfunctions of knots and systems of the car
   Features of traffic regulations of the countries of Europe
+ Maintenance instruction
+ Routine maintenance
+ Repair of the engine
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply system
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Coupling
+ Transmission
+ Power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body and finishing of salon
+ Onboard electric equipment





Diagostika of malfunctions of knots and systems of the car

The owners of cars performing procedures of routine maintenance of the car it agrees the present manual of the schedule provided in Chapter 1 will be extremely seldom forced to address materials of this Section. Reliability of the knots and components installed on modern cars is so high that at timely performance of replacement of the details which are worn out and failed as a result of aging of material the probability of their sudden refusal is extremely small. Refusals seldom happen spontaneously and usually are a consequence sometimes of long development of defect. In particular, the refusal of mechanical components practically is always preceded by emergence and development of the characteristic symptoms which are shown sometimes for many thousands of kilometers of a run to an exit of defective knot out of operation. The same components which can fail unexpectedly usually are not vital for functioning of the main knots and systems of the car, or are easily replaced directly on the car in road conditions.

Fundamental step at identification of the reason of any refusal is the choice of a point of the beginning of searches. Often the reason is rather obvious, however in certain cases it is necessary to work, making small investigation. The motorist who produced half-dozens of casual checks of replacements and corrections quite has chance to find a cause of failure (or its symptom), however such approach cannot be considered reasonable, in view of its labor input and aimlessness of expenses of time and means in any way. There is a quiet logical approach to search of the failed knot or component much more effectively. Surely it is necessary to take into account everything the insignificant symptoms and the guarding signals preceding breakage, sometimes, such as loss of the power developed by the engine, change of indications of measuring instruments, emergence of unusual sounds and smells, etc. Do not forget that failure of such components as safety locks or spark plugs can be only a symptom more deeply of the hidden violation.

In this subsection rather simple scheme of diagnostics of the most often happening refusals is given below. The reasons of violations and their symptoms are grouped in a sign of their relation to functioning of any concrete unit or system, for example: Engine, Cooling system, etc. In brackets references to the corresponding Chapters and Sections of the Management concerning functioning of the components suspected of malfunction are given.

Regardless of the refusal nature investigations of its reason are always taken the identical basic principles as a principle:

Make sure of correctness of definition of symptoms of refusal. This means confidence in delimitation of the area of searches that it is especially important with the help in refusal diagnostics to other motorist who cannot adequately state symptoms of the violation taking place.

Try not to miss obvious violations. For example, if the engine is not started, do not hesitate to check availability of fuel in a gasoline tank (at the same time it is not necessary to take on trust statements of the owner of the faulty car). In case of refusal electric equipments first of all it is necessary to check a state and reliability of fastening of terminal connections of an electrical wiring, only after it it makes sense to get diagnostic units.

Try to remove a cause of failure, but not its symptom. Replacement of the discharged battery new will help to make start of the engine, however the reason of a discharge of the old battery taking place will remain not eliminated that will bring to bystry failure and new. Also replacement of the spark plugs (petrol models) thrown by oil will allow to restore serviceability of functioning of the engine for some time, however its refusal by all means will soon repeat (if the reason lay not just in application of candles not of that type).

Do not take on trust any statements. Remember that the "new" component can also be faulty, in particular if it long time lay in a luggage carrier - it is not necessary to exclude a component from the list checked only for the reason that it is new or is recently established. In case of neglect it is not necessary to be surprised with implementation of this recommendation when the cause of failure established at last is lying on a surface from the very beginning.

Diagnostics of the general engine failures

The engine is not turned in attempt of its start

· Battery plugs are oxidized, or fastening of tips of wires on them weakened (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· The battery is discharged or faulty (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· It is torn off, or the electrical wiring of a chain of system of start is otherwise damaged, or fastening of plugs of contact connections weakened (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· The traction relay of a starter or the switch of ignition is faulty (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· The starter electric motor is faulty (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Teeth of a driving gear wheel of a starter or a wreath of a flywheel are broken off or worn-out (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· The tire of grounding of the engine is torn off, or its terminal connection weakened (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).

The engine is turned, however is not started

· The fuel tank is empty.
· The battery is discharged (the engine is turned too slowly) (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Battery plugs are oxidized, or fastening of tips of wires on them weakened (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Components of system of ignition - petrol models are humidified or damaged (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition is broken (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· The electrical wiring of a chain of system of ignition is torn off or is otherwise damaged, or fastening of plugs of contact connections - petrol models weakened (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Spark plugs are worn-out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode gaps - petrol models is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· The system of preheat - diesel models is faulty (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· The fuel supply system - petrol models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The electromagnetic fuel locking valve - diesel models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Air - diesel models got to a power supply system (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Mechanical damage of the engine takes place (for example, the camshaft drive).

Start of the cold engine is complicated


· The battery is discharged (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition is broken (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Battery plugs are oxidized, or fastening of tips of wires on them weakened (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Spark plugs are worn-out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode gaps - petrol models is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· The system of preheat - diesel models is faulty (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· The system of injection of fuel - petrol models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The carburetor is polluted (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Jams the lever of smooth adjustment of automatic equipment of start - carburetor models (see Power supply systems).
· Adjustment of turns of idling is broken, or butterfly valves - carburetor models are incorrectly established (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Functioning of the locking electromagnetic valve of compulsory idling - carburetor models is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Tightness of assembly of the carburetor is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The cable of the drive of a butterfly valve is damaged by corrosion.
· The system of ignition - petrol models is faulty (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Compression pressure fell (see the Head Dvigatel).

Start of the hot engine is complicated

· Fuel not of that type is filled.
· The filtering air cleaner element is polluted, or its passability is otherwise broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· The system of injection of fuel - petrol models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system.
· Supply of fuel in the carburetor is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The carburetor is poured (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The system of idling - carburetor models is polluted (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Functioning of the locking electromagnetic valve of compulsory idling - carburetor models is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Tightness of the needle valve - carburetor models is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Tightness of a float - carburetor models is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Tightness of assembly of the carburetor is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Compression pressure fell (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition is broken (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).

Input of a starter in gearing is complicated, or is followed by extraneous noises


· Teeth of a driving gear wheel of a starter or a wreath of a flywheel are broken off or worn-out (see the Head Dvigatel and the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Bolts of fastening of a starter weakened or dropped out (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Internal components of a starter are worn-out or damaged (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).

The engine is started, but at once becomes deaf

· The electrical wiring of a chain of system of ignition is torn off or is otherwise damaged, or fastening of plugs of contact connections - petrol models weakened (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Losses of depression on the case of a throttle or the inlet pipeline - petrol models take place (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Passability of an injector / is broken the power supply system - petrol models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).

Stability of turns of idling is broken

· It is blocked filtering an elementvozdukhoochistitel (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Losses of depression on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models take place (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Spark plugs are worn-out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode gaps - petrol models is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Fell, or compression pressure is distributed between cylinders unevenly (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Working ledges of cams of the camshaft are worn-out (see the Head Dvigatel).
· The GRM drive belt/chain tightness is incorrectly adjusted (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Passability of an injector(s) / is broken the power supply system - petrol models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The nozzle (i) of injection of fuel - diesel models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).

Admissions of ignition at single turns of the engine take place

· Spark plugs are worn-out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode gaps - petrol models is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· VV of a wire of spark plugs - petrol models are faulty (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Losses of depression on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models take place (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Passability of an injector(s) / is broken the power supply system - petrol models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The nozzle (i) of injection of fuel - diesel models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The distributor cover is burst, or in it coal paths - petrol models with the corresponding complete set were formed (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Fell, or compression pressure is distributed between cylinders unevenly (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Hoses of system of ventilation of a case are damaged, worn-out or were disconnected (see the Head of the Power supply system).

Admissions of ignition take place at the movement on transfer

· Passability of the fuel filter is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· The fuel pump is faulty, or the pressure developed by it - petrol models fell (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Ventilation of the fuel tank is broken, or fuel pipes are blocked (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Losses of depression on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models take place (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Spark plugs are worn-out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode gaps - petrol models is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· VV of a wire of spark plugs - petrol models are faulty (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· The nozzle (i) of injection of fuel - diesel models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The distributor cover is burst, or in it coal paths - petrol models with the corresponding complete set were formed (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· The ignition coil - petrol models is faulty (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Fell, or compression pressure is distributed between cylinders unevenly (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Passability of an injector(s) / is broken the power supply system - petrol models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).

Stability of turns of the engine is broken during acceleration


· Spark plugs are worn-out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode gaps - petrol models is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Losses of depression on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models take place (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The carburetor is polluted (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Jets - carburetor models are incorrectly established (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Adjustment of turns of idling - carburetor models is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Serviceability of functioning of the accelerating pump of the carburetor is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Tightness of assembly of the carburetor is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The provision of a butterfly valve of the camera II of the carburetor is incorrectly adjusted (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Tightness of the vacuum amplifier of the camera II is broken, or the cable not of that of length - carburetor models is established (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Passability of an injector(s) / is broken the power supply system - petrol models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The nozzle (i) of injection of fuel - diesel models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).

The engine spontaneously becomes deaf

· Losses of depression on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models take place (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Passability of the fuel filter is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· The fuel pump is faulty, or the pressure developed by it - petrol models fell (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Ventilation of the fuel tank is broken, or fuel pipes are blocked (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Passability of an injector(s) / is broken the power supply system - petrol models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The nozzle (i) of injection of fuel - diesel models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).

The power developed by the engine fell

· Adjustment of valvate gaps - models of 1.3 l is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· It is incorrectly established a GRM drive belt/chain, or adjustment of effort of its tension is broken (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Passability of the fuel filter is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· The fuel pump is faulty, or the pressure developed by it - petrol models fell (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The carburetor iced over (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Jets - carburetor models are incorrectly established (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Serviceability of functioning of system of enrichment of air-fuel mix at full loading of the engine is broken - carburetor models (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Tightness of a float of the carburetor is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Adjustment of a butterfly valve of the camera II of the carburetor is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Tightness of the vacuum amplifier of the camera II is broken, or the driving cable not of that of length - carburetor models is established (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition is broken (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Fell, or compression pressure is distributed between cylinders unevenly (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Spark plugs are worn-out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode gaps - petrol models is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Losses of depression on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models take place (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Passability of an injector(s) / is broken the power supply system - petrol models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The nozzle (i) of injection of fuel - diesel models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Installation of phases of injection of TNVD - diesel models is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Brakes are taken (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).
· Coupling revolves (see the Head Stsepleniye).

There are "shots" in system of production of the fulfilled gases

· It is incorrectly established a GRM drive belt/chain, or adjustment of effort of its tension is broken (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Losses of depression on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models take place (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Passability of an injector(s) / is broken the system of injection of fuel - petrol models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Adjustment of turns of idling is broken, or butterfly valves - carburetor models are incorrectly established (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Adjustment of the accelerating pump of the carburetor is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Tightness of assembly of the carburetor is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition is broken (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).

The control lamp of pressure of oil continues to burn at the working engine

· Oil level fell, or oil not of that grade is filled (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· The oil pressure sensor switch is faulty (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Bearings of the engine and/or the oil pump are worn-out (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Working temperature of the engine is excessively high (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating).
· The reducing valve of pressure of oil is faulty (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Passability of the mesh filter of a maslozabornik is broken (see the Head Dvigatel).

The engine continues to work after switching off of ignition

· The excessive nagaroobrazovaniye in the engine takes place (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Working temperature of the engine is excessively high (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating).
· The power supply system - petrol models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The locking valve breaker of shutdown of supply of fuel - diesel engines is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).

Extraneous noises during the operation of the engine

The knocks caused by too early ignition or a detonation during acceleration or at increase in loading
· Installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition / is broken the system of ignition - petrol models is faulty (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Spark plugs not of that type - petrol engines are established (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Fuel not of that grade is filled (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Losses of depression on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models take place (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The excessive nagaroobrazovaniye in the engine takes place (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Passability of an injector(s) / is broken the power supply system - petrol models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).

Whistle or sipeniye

· Losses of depression on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses - petrol models take place (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Leak of the fulfilled gases in system of release or through a joint of a reception pipe with a final collector take place (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Losses of depression through vacuum hoses take place.
· Laying of a head of cylinders is punched (see the Head Dvigatel).

Gnash or roar


· Adjustment of valvate gaps - models of 1.3 l is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Components of the drive of valves or the camshaft are worn-out (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Hydraulic pushers of valves are worn-out (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Auxiliary units (the water pump, the generator, etc.) are faulty (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating, the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine, etc.).

Deaf knock


· Bearings of the lower heads of rods (the regular heavy knock sometimes decreasing at increase in loading) are worn-out (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Radical bearings of a bent shaft (the roar which is perhaps amplifying with increase in loading) are worn-out (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Knock of pistons (it is most intensive at the cold engine) (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Auxiliary units (the water pump, the generator, etc.) are faulty (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating, the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine, etc.).

Diagnostics of malfunctions of the cooling system


Overheat

· Level of cooling liquid fell in system (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· The belt of the drive of auxiliary units is torn off, or adjustment of effort of its tension is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance or the Engine).
· The thermostat is faulty (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating).
· Passability of a radiator is broken or its lattice is blocked (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating).
· The thermosensitive sensor switch of its management is faulty electric the cooling system fan, or (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating).
· The radiator cover is damaged (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating).
· Adjustment of a corner of an advancing of ignition / is broken the system of ignition - petrol models is faulty (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Indications of the sensor of temperature are inexact (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating).
· The path of the cooling system is blocked by an air stopper (see the Head Routine maintenance).

Overcooling

· The thermostat is faulty (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating).
· Indications of the sensor of temperature are inexact (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating).

External leak of cooling liquid takes place

· Hoses or hose collars of a cooling path are damaged mechanically or as a result of material aging (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· The radiator or the heat exchanger of a heater is damaged (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating).
· The radiator cover is faulty (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating).
· The epiploon of the water pump is damaged (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating).
· Boiling of cooling liquid resulted from an overheat (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating).
· Release traffic jams of a water shirt of the block of the engine are damaged (see the Head Dvigatel).

Internal leak of cooling liquid takes place

· Laying of a head of cylinders is punched (see the Head Dvigatel).
· The head of cylinders or the block is burst (see the Head Dvigatel).

Strong corrosion of components takes place


· Depletion and washing of system are not rather often made (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Water and antifreeze are incorrectly mixed, or antifreeze not of that grade is applied (see the Head Routine maintenance).

Diagnostics of malfunctions of power supply systems and production of the fulfilled gas


Fuel consumption is excessive

· The filtering element of the air cleaner is polluted or its passability is otherwise broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· The system of injection - petrol models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The carburetor is polluted (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Jets - carburetor models are incorrectly established (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The air gate of start - carburetor models is incorrectly installed (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Corrosion of a cable of the drive of a butterfly valve takes place (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Automatic equipment of start of the carburetor is not switched-off (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Adjustment of turns of bystry idling is broken, or the provision of butterfly valves - carburetor models is violated (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The system of idling - carburetor models is polluted (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Serviceability of functioning of system of enrichment of air-fuel mix - carburetor models is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Tightness of the needle valve of the carburetor is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Tightness of a float of the carburetor is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The nozzle (i) - diesel models is faulty (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition / is broken the system of ignition - petrol models is faulty (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Pressure of a rating of tires is not enough (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Brakes "are taken" (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).

Fuel leak takes place, or distinctly smells of gasoline

· The fuel tank, fuel pipes or nipple connections are damaged mechanically or as a result of corrosion development (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· Tightness of assembly of the carburetor is broken (see the Head of the Power supply system).
· The carburetor is filled in during unsuccessful attempts of start of the engine (see the Head of the Power supply system).

It is excessively noisy the system of production of the fulfilled gases works or smokes

· Leak of the fulfilled gases through joints of a final collector or sections of system of release take place (see the Head Routine maintenance and the Head of the Power supply system).
· Mufflers or pipes of system of release are damaged mechanically or as a result of corrosion development (see the Head Routine maintenance and the Head of the Power supply system).
· As a result of damage of suspended support the system of release contacts at the movement to components of a body or a suspension bracket (see the Head Routine maintenance).

Diagnostics of malfunctions of coupling


The pedal of coupling fails to a floor practically without resistance or with very insignificant resistance

· The coupling drive cable is torn off (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· Adjustment of a driving cable is broken (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· The release bearing, or the coupling switching off lever is broken (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· The diaphragm spring of a press clutch plate is broken (see the Head Stsepleniye).

There is no coupling switching off (it is impossible to choose transfer)

· Adjustment of a driving cable is broken (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· The conducted disk is jammed on vents of a main shaft of the transmission (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· The conducted disk "stuck" to a surface of a flywheel or a press disk (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· The coupling switching off mechanism is worn-out or incorrectly built (see the Head Stsepleniye).

Coupling revolves (turns of the engine raise without increase in speed of the movement of the car)

· Adjustment of a driving cable is broken (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· Frictional overlays of the conducted disk are excessively worn-out (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· Frictional overlays of the conducted disk are polluted by oil or lubricant (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· The basket of coupling is faulty or the effort, the developed diaphragm spring weakened (see the Head Stsepleniye).

At inclusion of coupling there is a vibration

· Frictional overlays of the conducted disk are excessively worn-out (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· Frictional overlays of the conducted disk are polluted by oil or lubricant (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· The driving cable is jammed or ground (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· The disk or a diaphragm spring is faulty or deformed press (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· Support of the power unit are worn-out, or their fastening weakened (see the Head Dvigatel).
· Vents of a main shaft of the transmission or a nave of the conducted disk are worn-out (see the Head Stsepleniye).

During the squeezing or an otpuskaniye of a pedal of coupling there are extraneous noises

· The release bearing is worn-out (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· Axial plugs of a pedal of coupling are worn-out or overdried (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· Assembly of a basket of coupling is faulty (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· The diaphragm spring of a press disk is broken (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· The torsion springs of the conducted disk are broken (see the Head Stsepleniye).

Diagnostics of malfunctions of a manual box of gear shifting


The box installed on neutral transfer publishes noise during the operation of the engine

· Bearings of a main shaft (noise appear at an otpuskaniye of a pedal of coupling and disappear at its squeezing) (see the Head the Transmission) * are worn-out.
· The release bearing of coupling is worn-out (noise appear at the squeezed-out pedal of coupling and can decrease at its otpuskaniye) (see the Head Stsepleniye).

Noise arise on any concrete transfer

· Teeth of gear wheels (see the Head the Transmission) * are worn-out, chopped off or are otherwise damaged.

Gear shifting is complicated

· Coupling is faulty (see the Head Stsepleniye).
· Gear shifting drive mechanism components are worn-out or damaged (see the Head the Transmission).
· Blocks of synchronizers (see the Head the Transmission) * are worn-out.

The box "comes off" the chosen transfer

· Gear shifting drive mechanism components are worn-out or damaged (see the Head the Transmission).
· Blocks of synchronizers (see the Head the Transmission) * are worn-out.
· Switching forks (see the Head the Transmission) * are worn-out.

Vibrations take place

· Level of gearbox oil fell (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Bearings (see the Head the Transmission) * are worn-out.

Leak of gearbox oil takes place

· The output epiploon of differential is damaged (see the Head the Transmission).
· Leaks happen through case joints (see the Head the Transmission) *.
· The epiploon of a main shaft (see the Head the Transmission) * is damaged.
* Though elimination of similar malfunctions lies outside qualification of the average amateur mechanic, this information will be useful at communication with the professional.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of power shafts

The gnash and knock take place during commission of a turn (at a small speed of the movement and the steering wheel turned against the stop)

· There was a CV JOINT lubricant loss, most likely owing to damage of a protective cover (see the Head Power shafts).
· The external CV JOINT of a power shaft is worn-out (see the Head Power shafts).

During acceleration / деселерации there are vibrations

· The CV JOINT is worn-out (see the Head Power shafts).
· The power shaft is bent or is otherwise deformed (see the Head Power shafts).

Diagnostics of malfunctions of the brake system

Before coming to conclusion about failure of the brake system, check a state and pressure of a rating of tires and uniformity of loading of the car. Diagnostics of any refusals of ABS, except for check of a condition of nipple connections of hydraulic tubes and hoses, has to be made at company car repair shop of the Skoda company.

When braking course stability of the car is broken

· Brake blocks / boots from one of car boards are worn-out, damaged or greasy (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).
· The support piston / the wheel cylinder of one of mechanisms is jammed, or its movement is complicated (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).
· From different boards of the car brake blocks / boots with frictional overlays of various type are established (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).
· Bolts of fastening of a support or a board of the brake mechanism weakened (see the Head the Brake system).
· Components of the steering drive or a suspension bracket are worn-out or damaged (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and steering).

During braking there are extraneous noises (a gnash or high-frequency squeal)

· Frictional overlays of brake blocks / boots are worn-out to substrate metal (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).
· The brake disk / reel - most possibly after the long parking is damaged by corrosion (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).
· Between a disk and a board of the brake mechanism the foreign subject got (for example a stone) (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).

The course of a brake pedal is excessively big

· Functioning of the mechanism of automatic adjustment of back brake mechanisms - drum mechanisms is broken (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).
· GTTs is faulty (see the Head the Brake system).
· Air got to hydraulic system (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).
· The vacuum amplifier of brakes is faulty (see the Head the Brake system).
· The vacuum pump - diesel models is faulty (see the Head the Brake system).

Softness of the course of a brake pedal at its squeezing takes place

· Air got to hydraulic system (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).
· Flexible brake hoses are damaged as a result of material aging (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).
· Nuts of fastening of GTTs weakened (see the Head the Brake system).
· GTTs is faulty (see the Head the Brake system).

The stop of the car requires applying of excessively big effort to a brake pedal

· The block of the vacuum amplifier of brakes is faulty (see the Head the Brake system).
· The vacuum pump - diesel models is faulty (see the Head the Brake system).
· Vacuum hoses of the amplifier of brakes are damaged or were disconnected, or their fastening on unions weakened (see the Head the Brake system).
· Primary or secondary hydraulic contour is faulty (see the head the Brake system).
· The piston (i) of a support / the wheel cylinder is jammed (see the Head the Brake system).
· Incorrectly brake blocks / boots are established (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).
· Blocks/boots not of that type are established (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).
· Frictional overlays of brake blocks / boots are polluted (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).

During braking there is a vibration transferred to a brake pedal or a steering wheel

· The excessive beating of a brake disk / deformation of the brake drum takes place (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).
· Frictional overlays of brake blocks / boots are worn-out (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).
· Bolts of fastening of a support / a brake board weakened (see the Head the Brake system).
· Components of a suspension bracket or the steering drive, or a support are worn-out (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and steering).

Pulsations of a pedal of a foot brake at its squeezing take place during sharp braking

· A consequence of correct functioning of ABS (see the Head the Brake system).

Brakes "are taken"

(see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).

· The piston (i) of a brake support / the wheel cylinder is jammed (see the Head the Brake system).
· Adjustment of the parking brake is broken (see the Head the Brake system).
· GTTs is faulty (see the Head the Brake system).

Back wheels are blocked at normal braking

· Frictional overlays of brake boots are polluted
· Deformation of disks/drums of back brake mechanisms takes place (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Brake system).

Diagnostics of malfunctions of a suspension bracket and steering

Before starting checks of components of a suspension bracket and the steering drive make sure that the wrong rating of tires, installation of tires of various standard size or "prikhvatyvaniye" of brakes is not a cause of infringement.

Course stability of the car is broken

· Defect of tires takes place (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Tires are pumped up with different pressure (see above in Introduction).
· Components of a suspension bracket or the steering drive are worn-out (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and steering).
· Adjustment of angles of installation of forward wheels is broken (see the Head Podvesk and steering).
· Components of a suspension bracket or the steering drive are damaged as a result of accident (see the Head Routine maintenance).

The side play of wheels and the increased vibration of the car takes place

· Balancing of forward wheels is broken (vibration is most considerably transmitted through a steering wheel) (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Balancing of back wheels is broken (vibration is most considerably transmitted through a car body) (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Rims are damaged or deformed (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and steering).
· Tires are damaged (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Components of the steering drive or a suspension bracket, or their spherical hinges and/or rubber-metal plugs are worn-out (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and steering).
· Bolts of fastening of wheels (a) weakened (see the Head Routine maintenance).

During commission of turns and when braking there is "galloping" and/or rocking of the car

· Shock-absorbers are faulty (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and steering).
· Components of the steering drive or a suspension bracket, or their spherical hinges and/or rubber-metal plugs are worn-out (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and steering).
· The stabilizer of cross stability, or its support is worn-out or damaged (see the Head Podvesk and steering).

Roving or the general course instability of the car takes place

· Adjustment of angles of installation of forward wheels is broken (see the Head Podvesk and steering).
· Components of the steering drive or a suspension bracket, or their spherical hinges and/or rubber-metal plugs are worn-out (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and steering).
· Balancing of wheels is broken (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and steering).
· Tires are faulty (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Bolts of fastening of wheels (a) weakened (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Shock-absorbers are faulty (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and steering).

Excessively hardly the steering wheel turns

· Level of liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel fell (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· The lack of lubricant of the steering drive takes place (see the Head Podvesk and steering).
· The hinge of a tip of steering draft or a spherical support of the lever of a suspension bracket is jammed (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and steering).
· The driving belt of auxiliary units is torn off, or adjustment of effort of its tension is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Adjustment of angles of installation of forward wheels is broken (see the Head Podvesk and steering).
· The steering rack or a column is bent or damaged (see the Head Podvesk and steering).
· Passability of a path of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel is broken (see the Head Podvesk and steering).
· The steering pump is faulty (see the Head Podvesk and steering).

The side play of a steering wheel is excessive

· The cardan hinge(s) of an intermediate shaft of a steering column is worn-out (see the Head Podvesk and steering).
· Hinges of tips of steering drafts are worn-out (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and steering).
· Rack transfer is worn-out (see the Head Podvesk and steering).
· Components of the steering drive or a suspension bracket, or their spherical hinges and/or rubber-metal plugs are worn-out (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and steering).

There is no hydraulic strengthening

· The driving belt of auxiliary units is torn off, or adjustment of effort of its tension is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance or the Engine).
· Level of hydraulic liquid fell (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Passability of hoses of system of strengthening of a wheel is broken (see the Head Podvesk and steering).
· The steering pump is faulty (see the Head Podvesk and steering).
· Rack transfer is faulty (see the Head Podvesk and steering).

Wear of tires is excessive

The increased wear of an internal or external part of a protector

· Tires (wear of both edges) are pumped insufficiently up (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Adjustment of disorder or longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel is broken (wear of a protector from one of edges) (see the Head Podvesk and steering).
· Components of the steering drive or a suspension bracket, or their spherical hinges and/or rubber-metal plugs are worn-out (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and steering).
· Speed on turns does not decrease.
· Mechanical damage to result of accident takes place.

Scaly wear (obtrepyvaniye) of a protector

· Convergence installation is broken (see the Head Podvesk and steering).

Wear of the central part of a protector

· Tires are pumped up too strongly (see the Head Routine maintenance).

Wear of the inner and outer edges of a protector

· Tires are pumped insufficiently strongly up (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Shock-absorbers are worn-out (see the Head Podvesk and steering).

Uneven wear of a protector

· Balancing of a tire/wheel is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Excessively side beating of a disk or the tire (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Shock-absorbers are worn-out (see Chapters Routine maintenance and the Suspension bracket and steering).
· The tire is damaged (see the Head Routine maintenance).

Diagnostics of malfunctions of systems of electric equipment

The problems connected with refusal in system of start are considered above in the subsection Diagnostics of the General Engine Failures.

The battery does not "hold" a charge

· Internal defect of the battery takes place (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Electrolyte level fell in banks (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Battery plugs are oxidized, or fastening of tips of wires on them weakened (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· The driving belt of auxiliary units is worn-out, or adjustment of effort of its tension is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance or the Engine).
· The generator does not give the required charge current (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· The generator tension regulator is faulty (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· There is a battery discharge owing to short circuit in a chain (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine and the Head Onboard electric equipment).

The control lamp of an ignition/charge continues to burn at the working engine

· The driving belt of auxiliary units is worn-out or torn off, or adjustment of effort of its tension is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· Generator brushes are worn-out, jammed or polluted (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Brush springs of the generator weakened or are broken (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· Internal defect of the generator or regulator of tension takes place (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
· The charge contour electrical wiring is torn off, or fastening of terminal connections weakened (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).

The control lamp of an ignition/charge does not light up at start of the engine

· Incandescence thread fused (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The electrical wiring is torn off, or fastening of terminal connections weakened (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The generator is faulty (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).

Lighting fixtures do not function

· The lamp(s) fused (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The socle of a lamp or contacts of the boss is oxidized (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The safety lock fused (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The relay is faulty (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The electrical wiring is damaged, or fastening of terminal connections weakened (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The switch is faulty (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).

Accuracy or stability of indications of devices is broken

Indications raise with increase in turns of the engine

· Tension regulator is faulty (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).

There are no indications of the sensor of fuel consumption or temperature

· The sensor is faulty (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating or the Power supply system).
· The electrical wiring is torn off (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The measuring instrument is faulty (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).

The sensor of fuel consumption or temperature constantly issues the maximum indication

· The sensor is faulty (see Chapters of the Cooling system, heating and the Power supply system).
· The electrical wiring is torn off (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The measuring instrument is faulty (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).

Functioning of a horn is broken

The horn constantly gives a sound signal

· It is jammed pressed the button of inclusion of a horn, (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· Short circuit on the mass of an electrical wiring of a horn takes place (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).

The horn does not give a sound signal

· The safety lock fused (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The electrical wiring is torn off, or fastening of terminal connections weakened (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The horn is faulty (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).

The horn gives too weak, or unstable signal

· Fastening of terminal connections weakened (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· Fastening of sirens of a horn weakened (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The horn is faulty (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).

Functioning of screen wipers (forward/back) is broken

Screen wipers do not move, or move too slowly

· Brushes "stuck" to glass, or driving draft is jammed/is deformed (see Chapters Routine maintenance and Onboard electric equipment).
· The safety lock fused (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The electrical wiring is torn off, or fastening of terminal connections weakened (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The relay is faulty (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The driving electric motor is faulty (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).

Scope of brushes is excessively big/is small

· Levers of screen wipers are incorrectly put on spindles (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· The driving mechanism is worn-out (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· Fastening of an electric motor or driving assembly weakened (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).

Brushes do not purify glass

· Rubber working elements are worn-out (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· Rastyazhny springs of levers are broken, or levers are jammed on axes (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The corresponding cleaner necessary for removal of a road film is not added to liquid of washing of glass (see the Head Routine maintenance).

Functioning of windscreen washers (forward/back) is broken

Does not function one or several snuffled


· Passability of a nozzle is broken (see the Head Routine maintenance).
· The giving hose is disconnected, or its passability owing to blocking or twisting is broken (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· There is not enough liquid in the tank (see the Head Routine maintenance).

The liquid supply pump does not function

· The electrical wiring is torn off, or fastening of terminal connections weakened (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The safety lock fused (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The switch is faulty (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The pump is faulty (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).

Liquid begins to move with a delay after turning on of the pump

· The unilateral valve in the giving hose is faulty (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).

Functioning of the electric drive of window regulators is broken

Glasses move only in one direction

· The switch is faulty (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).


Glass moves too slowly


· It is damaged, jammed, or the regulator needs greasing (see the Head Kuzov and finishing of salon).
· Internal components of a door, or its internal upholstery interfere with functioning of the regulator (see the Head Kuzov and finishing of salon).
· The electric motor is faulty (see the Head Kuzov and finishing of salon).

Glass does not move at all


· The safety lock fused (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The relay is faulty (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The electrical wiring is torn off, or fastening of terminal connections weakened (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The electric motor is faulty (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).

Functioning of the uniform lock is broken


The system does not function at all


· The safety lock fused (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The relay is faulty (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The electrical wiring is torn off, or fastening of terminal connections weakened (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The control unit is faulty (see the Head Kuzov and finishing of salon).

The latch is blocked, but not released, or on the contrary


· Executive rods or levers are broken or disconnected (see the Head Kuzov and finishing of salon).
· The relay is faulty (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· The control unit is faulty (see the Head Kuzov and finishing of salon).
· The lock mechanism is faulty (see the Head Kuzov and finishing of salon).

One of motors/electromagnets of management does not function


· The electrical wiring is torn off, or fastening of terminal connections weakened (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
· Assembly of the actuation mechanism is faulty (see the Head Kuzov and finishing of salon).
· Executive rods or levers are broken, jammed or disconnected (see the Head Kuzov and finishing of salon).
· The lock mechanism is faulty (see the Head Kuzov and finishing of salon).