Skoda Felicia

since 1994 release

Repair and operation of the car



Skoda Felicia
+ Cars of the Skoda Felicia brand
- Maintenance instruction
   Keys
   Dashboard and governing bodies
   The equipment of the control panel and deflectors of air ducts, the choice of the modes of functioning of system of heating/ventilation of salon - model with the air conditioner
   Adjustment of rear-view mirrors
   RKPP control lever
   Equipment of salon
   Seat belts
   Methods of operation
   Towage of the trailer
   Fuelling
+ Routine maintenance
+ Repair of the engine
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply system
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Coupling
+ Transmission
+ Power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body and finishing of salon
+ Onboard electric equipment





Dashboard and governing bodies

1 — Anchor knot of a seat belt with adjustment of height of situation
2 — the Handle of adjustment of provision of an external rear-view mirror
3 — the Switch of dimensional fires / illuminations of devices
4 — the Switch of passing beam of headlights
5 — the Combined understeering switch of management of functioning of indexes of turns and inclusions of driving beam of head headlights
6 — the Instrument guard with a combination of devices
7 — the Combined understeering switch of management of functioning of cleaners/washers of glasses
8 — the Central deflectors of air ducts of system of heating/ventilation of salon
9 — the Switch of heating of back glass
10 — the Switch of fog lights
11 — the Switch of back fog fires
12 — the Switch of the alarm system
13 — the Ware box
14 — the Handle of management of functioning of the regulator of a window regulator

15 — the Internal handle of a door
16 — Side deflectors of air ducts of system of heating/ventilation of salon and an obduv of side glasses
17 — the Control lever the drive of unlocking of the lock of a cowl
18 — the Switch of adjustment of provision of an optical axis of head headlights
19 — the horn Button
20 — the Lock of ignition/blocking of a steering column
21 — the Lighter
22 — the radio tape recorder Panel
23 — the Ashtray
24 — the gear shifting Lever
25 — the Control panel of functioning of system of heating/ventilation of salon
26 — the Assembly block of safety locks and the relay


Combination of devices

1 — the Measuring instrument of temperature of cooling liquid
2 — the Speedometer with run counters
3 — the Tachometer / the analog watch

4 — the Display of the digital watch
5 — fuel consumption Measuring instrument


The numbering given in the text corresponds specified illustrations.


Measuring instrument of temperature of cooling liquid (1)

The measuring instrument functions only at the included ignition, accepting working situation with some delay. At cold cooling liquid of the shooter of the device is in the lower part of a scale. Normal working range of temperature lies ranging from 70 °C to 110 °C. In hot weather, and also at increase in load of the engine temperature of cooling liquid can rise up to the top limit of normal working range of a scale. However, at all it is not necessary to allow calling of an arrow of the measuring instrument the site of an indicator scale painted in red color. Transition by an arrow of the top admissible value testifies to an engine overheat. The car in this case should be stopped and, without suppressing the engine, to include at full capacity a heater and the fan of a heater, then to check liquid level in a broad tank of the cooling system and to make sure of serviceability of operation of the fan of an obduv of a radiator. If the fan does not function, or liquid level fell in a broad tank below admissible value, the engine should be killed immediately. If liquid and the fan as it should be, the movement can be continued, but only provided that the arrow of the index returned to the area of admissible values. Otherwise the engine also should be switched off.

At the normal level of cooling liquid the failure of the fan of the cooling system can be the reason of an overheat of the engine. Check a condition of the corresponding safety lock, in case of need make replacement. If the refusal of an electric motor of the fan, or failure of its krylchatka takes place, the movement can be resumed after a while (provided that the level of cooling liquid is normal), and the car should be driven away on the nearest car repair shop. In view of the fact that at the faulty fan efficiency of functioning of a radiator will be defined by only a speed of the running stream, it is necessary to try to move on good (but not too high) speeds, having reduced to a minimum movement by a setup.

Inclusion of the additional headlights established under a front grille reduces efficiency of functioning of the last and can lead to an engine overheat in hot weather, or at the movement with the raised loading.


Speedometers/counters of a distance in kilometers (2)

The speedometer has analog execution. Unit of division of a scale of the dial makes 10 km/h. In the top half of the field of the dial the drum of the counter of the general run of the car is located from the moment of its release from the conveyor (odometer). The drum counter located under an arrow axis registers a distance in kilometers of the current trip. Zeroing of the counter of a distance in kilometers of the current run is carried out by means of the handle which is built in in the lower part of the dial of a speedometer.

Tachometer (3)

The device registers the frequency of rotation of a bent shaft of the engine in 1000 rpm. Do not allow calling of an arrow of the measuring instrument the red sector of a scale of the dial at all. Remember that timely switching to higher transfer promotes economy of fuel consumption and decrease in level of noise of the power unit.

Avoid excessive increase in turns of the engine during a car running in.

Arrow hours (3)

On some models instead of a tachometer the combination of devices switched on the analog watch. The handle of installation of time is located under the dial of hours on the right.

Do not distract during the movement, - make installation of time only on the parking!


Hours with digital indication (4)

The display of the digital watch is built in in the field of the tachometer dial. The handle of installation of time is located under the measuring instrument block on the right. Rotation of the handle the current hour counterclockwise is chosen, for installation of minutes the handle should be turned to the right. Try at control of time not to press excessively the handle in order to avoid failure of the regulator.

Do not distract during the movement, - make installation of time only on the parking!


Measuring instrument of fuel consumption (5)

The measuring instrument is activated only at the included ignition. A device arrow exit into position happens to some temporary delay. It is necessary to remember that the volume of the fuel tank at carburetor models makes about 47 l, on the models equipped with system of injection of fuel - only 42 l.

Rejections of indications of the measuring instrument and short-term inclusion of a control lamp of a reserve of fuel during commission of maneuvers is connected with movement of level of a surface of fuel in a tank and should not cause concerns.

Constant inclusion of a control lamp demonstrates the termination of a reserve of fuel. At the same time in a tank there are about 6 more l of fuel.

Measuring instrument of ambient temperature

 


The digital display of the measuring instrument is built in in the left part of the dashboard. Range of measurements lies ranging from -45 °C to +50 °C. Highlighting of real value of temperature of air is made with a delay about 5 minutes. During the parking, or at the movement with a small speed of the indication of the measuring instrument can be a little overestimated due to impact on the sensor of heat generated by the engine.

Remember that ice can take place and at a temperature above 0 °C!


Control lamps

1 — Control lamps of indexes of turns
2 — Control lamps of indexes of turns of the trailer
3 — the Control lamp of inclusion of driving beam of head headlights
4 — the Control lamp of inclusion of marker lights
5 — the Control lamp of Inclusion of fog lights
6 — the Control lamp of inclusion of back fog lamps
7 — the Control lamp of inclusion of passing beam of head headlights
8 — the Control lamp of inclusion of heating of back glass
9 — the Control lamp of ABS

10 — the Control lamp "Fasten belts"
11 — the Control lamp of turning on of the alarm system
12 — the Control lamp of level of brake fluid
13 — the Control lamp of level of a charge of the rechargeable battery
14 — the Control lamp of raising of the parking brake
15 — the Control lamp of pressure of motive oil
16 — the Control lamp of system of safety cushions
17 — the Control lamp of a reserve of fuel
18 — the Control lamp of system of preheat (the diesel engine)


The arrangement of control lamps can vary depending on the equipment of model and type of the engine, however the symbolics used in the text at the same time does not change.

The numbering given in the text corresponds specified illustrations.


Control lamps of indexes of turns (1)

The blinking of one of control lamps of the indicator confirms inclusion of indexes of the corresponding turn. At failure of a lamp of one of indexes the frequency of a blinking of the indicator doubles (the statement does not extend to a case of towage of the trailer).

At turning on of the alarm system both control lamps of the indicator begin to blink.


Control lamps of indexes of turns of the trailer (2)

During towage of the trailer these lamps duplicate indications of the indicator of the main indexes of turns, confirming serviceability of functioning of indexes of the trailer. At failure any of indexes on the trailer or the car the indicator ceases to function.


Control lamp of inclusion of driving beam of head headlights (3)

The indicator lights up blue light at inclusion of driving beam of head headlights, and also at the alarm system driving beam.


Control lamp of inclusion of marker lights (4)

The indicator works at inclusion of running fires of the car.


Control lamp of inclusion of fog lights (5)

The indicator confirms inclusion of forward fog lights of the car.


Control lamp of inclusion of back foggy lamps (6)

The indicator confirms inclusion of back foggy lamps of the car.


Control lamp of inclusion of passing beam of head headlights (7)

The indicator confirms inclusion of passing beam of head headlights.


Control lamp of inclusion of heating of back glass (8)

The indicator confirms inclusion of a heater of back glass.


Control lamp of ABS (9)

The lamp lights up for a short time (together with the indicator of level of brake fluid) every time at inclusion of ignition. If several seconds later after start of the engine the lamp does not go out, therefore violation of functioning of system of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS) takes place. The last belongs also to cases of full refusal of a lamp of inclusion, or its inclusion during the movement. The refusal of anti-blocking system confirmed by the indicator means that braking of the car will be carried out without ABS, in the usual mode. This fact has to be considered when driving. At the first opportunity the car should be driven away on company car repair shop of the Skoda company for performing diagnostics of system and performance of necessary repair.


Control lamp "Fasten belts" (10)

The indicator warns the driver and passengers of the car about need of fastening by seat belts.


Control lamp of the alarm system (11)

The indicator confirms turning on of the alarm system.


Control lamp of level of brake fluid (12)

For the purpose of check of serviceability of a lamp the indicator quickly lights up at start of the engine. The refusal of a lamp of switching off after start of the engine, or its operation during the movement demonstrates falling of level of brake fluid in the GTTs tank. The car should be driven away immediately on the nearest company car repair shop of the Skoda company for check of a condition of the brake system, identification and elimination of a cause of infringement.

At a car stage on car repair shop it is necessary to consider possible increase in a brake way and some increase in resistance to squeezing of a pedal of a foot brake!


Control lamp of level of a charge of the rechargeable battery (13)

The indicator lights up at inclusion of ignition and has to go out after successful start of the engine. Otherwise, and also in case of operation of a control lamp during the movement, stop the car and kill the engine.

Check a state and effort of a tension of a belt of the drive of the generator. As the same belt puts in action the water pump of the cooling system, in case of its break or weakening of a tension it is impossible to continue the movement. Adjust or replace a belt.

If a belt as it should be, the car it is necessary to drive away on the nearest car repair shop. To avoid a full discharge of the battery, disconnect everything onboard consumers of the electric power whose functioning is not vital during the movement.


Control lamp of raising of the parking brake (14)

The indicator is activated at the included ignition and warns the driver about need of an otpuskaniye of the parking brake before a start of motion. At an otpuskaniye of a control lever of the parking brake the indicator dies away.


Control lamp of pressure of oil (15)

The indicator lights up for a short time at inclusion of ignition and has to go out after successful start of the engine. Otherwise, and also in case of operation of a control lamp during the movement, stop the car and kill the engine. Check the level of engine oil. In case of need make the corresponding adjustment.

If the level of motive oil is normal, it is not necessary to continue the movement. The engine cannot be started even on single turns. Ask for the help in the nearest car repair shop.

Operation of a control lamp can is caused also by decrease in turns of the engine below normal single. In this case for shutdown of the indicator will be to squeeze out slightly an accelerator pedal enough, or to switch RKPP to lower transfer.

The control lamp of pressure of oil should not be considered as the indicator of level of the last! Told means that the level of engine oil should be checked regularly and regardless of indications of the indicator of pressure.


Control lamp of system of safety cushions (16)

At serviceable system of safety cushions the indicator lights up for 4 seconds during inclusion of ignition, then has to go out. Otherwise, and also in case of operation of a control lamp during the movement in system malfunction takes place and the car should be driven away on the nearest company car repair shop of the Skoda company.

If on appropriately equipped model 4 seconds later after inclusion of ignition the control lamp continues to blink at an interval of 2 seconds within 16 seconds, therefore malfunction in a chain of a safety cushion of a front passenger seat takes place.


Control lamp of a reserve of fuel (17)

The indicator begins to work when approaching to the end of a reserve of fuel in the fuel tank. When the control lamp ceases to blink and begins to burn constantly, in a tank there are about 6 l of fuel.


Switches of the dashboard and steering column

 


The arrangement of switches of the dashboard and steering column is shown on an illustration.

The numbering given in the text corresponds to the specified illustration.

On models with right-hand steering the arrangement of switches differs from a little described in the real subsection. Nevertheless all symbolics remains former.

Remember that use of lighting and alarm fixtures has to be carried out according to standards of traffic regulations and federal laws.

When opening any of forward doors of the car the special alarm buzzer will warn the driver about need to switch off external lighting fixtures. The buzzer functions even at the switched-off ignition. For shutdown of a buzzer it is enough to slam both lobbies of a door that allows to carry out in case of need the parking of the car with the included marker lights.


Switch of dimensional fires / illuminations of devices (1)

By means of this switch inclusion of marker lights of the car and illumination of an instrument guard / elements of management is made.


Switch of passing beam of head headlights (2)

Activation of passing beam of headlights can be carried out only at the included marker lights. After switching off of ignition shutdown of head headlights happens automatically.


Switch of heating of back glass (3)

The heater of back functions only at the included ignition. TEN of a heater consumes a lot of electric power therefore, in order to avoid replanting of the battery, heating should be turned off at once as soon as glass gains sufficient transparency.

On the models equipped with an electropackage along with heating of back glass also heating of external rear-view mirrors joins.


Switch of forward fog lights (4)

Activation of fog lights is possible only at the included marker lights and passing/driving beam of head headlights.


Switch of back foggy lamps (5)

Activation of back fog lamps becomes possible also only after inclusion of passing/driving beam of head headlights, or only after inclusion of forward fog lights (depending on execution of model and the region of operation of the car).

The electric socket of the hook-on device of a factory complete set is equipped in such a way that at inclusion of a fog lamp of the trailer there is an automatic shutdown of back fog lamps of the car.


Switch of the alarm system (6)

At turning on of the alarm system there is a simultaneous activation of all indexes of turns of the car and their control lamps.


Switches of heating of front seats (7, 8)

At the included ignition the possibility of heating of front seats of the car is provided. Activation of TENA of a heater of a driver's seat is made by means of the button (7), the button (8) heating of a passenger seat joins.

Shutdown of heating of seats happens automatically on the expiration about 4 minutes.

In order to avoid replanting of the battery authors of the present manual recommend to make heating of seats only at the started engine.

On models with right-hand steering switches are located in mirror rather given on an illustration an order.

On some models switches of heating of front seats are located on the central console behind RKPP control lever, between switches of management of functioning of the drive of window regulators.


 


Switch of adjustment of provision of an optical axis of head headlights

 

 


The switch is located in the left bottom corner of the dashboard of the car between the deflector of an air duct and a steering column. By rotation of the handle of the regulator smooth correction of the direction of an optical axis of head headlights according to change of extent of loading of the car can be made.

Position of the switch is basic zero. The correct adjustment of an inclination of an optical axis of block headlights allows to achieve the best lighting of the road at the minimum risk of dazzle of drivers of oncoming and passing vehicles. The table of correspondences of provisions of the switch to various extents of loading of the car is given below.

Position of the handle of the switch
Extent of loading of the car
 
Versatile person
Pickup
0 1 ÷ 2 person, without freight 1 ÷ 2 person, without freight
I 5 people + 75 kg of freight 1 ÷ 2 person + 350 kg of freight
II 1 person at full load 1 person + 450 kg of freight

On the Pickup models with a specialized body already in not loaded condition of the car it is necessary to install the regulator handle in situation between 0 and I.


The left combined understeering switch

 


By means of this switch control of functioning of indexes of turns, and also switching of the modes of functioning of head headlights is exercised.

Activation of indexes of turns perhaps only at the included ignition. For inclusion of indexes of the right turn the lever of the switch should be transferred to the top situation (before click). Inclusion of indexes of the left turn is carried out by lowering of the lever in the lower situation. Serviceability of functioning of indexes is confirmed by the control lamps which are built in in a combination of devices (see above). Shutdown of indexes is made automatically at return of a steering wheel to rectilinear situation. If there is a need for short-term inclusion of indexes (for example, when overtaking or changing a lane of the movement), it is only necessary to wring out slightly the switch lever in the corresponding direction (without click) and to manually hold it in this situation the required time.

Inclusion of driving beam of head headlights is possible only after activation of passing beam and is made by push-up of the lever of the understeering switch before click towards the dashboard. In a combination of devices the control lamp radiating the blue luminescence confirming inclusion of driving beam (see above) is built in. Cutoff of driving beam is made by return of the lever to a starting position. The possibility of the precautionary alarm system to other participants of traffic by a blinking is provided by driving beam of headlights (regardless of that, the neighbor is included or not). Pull the lever of the understeering switch on yourself, - inclusion of driving beam will be confirmed by operation of a control lamp. In this situation the lever подрессорен and at an otpuskaniye automatically reverts to the original state.

Use of driving beam of head headlights has to be made with observance of traffic regulations.


The right combined understeering switch

By means of this switch activation of cleaners and washers of glasses is carried out. Functioning of screen wipers/washers is possible only at the included ignition. In order to avoid dangerous overloads of a contour of a driving electric motor before including screen wipers before a start of motion in frosty weather, make sure that brushes did not freeze to the surface of glass.

Screenwashes

 


For single operation of screen wipers, slightly press on the lever having wrung out it in the situation preceding situation 1.

The interval mode of functioning of screen wipers joins transfer of the lever to situation 1. The basic period of operation of brushes makes 4 seconds, however the possibility of adjustment in the range from 2 to 35 seconds is provided:

Having included the interval mode of screen wipers once wipe glass, then disconnect brushes. Wait a pause which duration equals to the determined period of operation of screen wipers, then again include the interval mode.

The mode of slow functioning of screen wipers joins transfer of the lever of the understeering switch to situation 2.

Situation 3 levers corresponds to the high-speed mode of functioning of brushes.

Windshield washers

For washing of a windshield pull the lever of the right understeering switch on yourself. At the same time brushes of screen wipers join. After a lever otpuskaniye supply of liquid on glass stops, brushes are disconnected automatically after performance still from one to three cycles operation.

Washers of lenses of head headlights

Operation of washers of lenses of the included head headlights is made automatically when washing a windshield.

From time to time from surfaces of lenses it is necessary to delete manually the stuck dirt and remains of insects. It is the simplest to add implementation of this procedure to filling of the car with fuel. In cold season you watch passability snuffled washers, periodically clearing them of congestions of snow and ice (use the special defreezing aerosols).

Cleaner and washer of glass of a door of a back

Glass cleaner of a door of a back is put in action by push-up of the lever of the switch to the first emphasis towards the dashboard. The screen wiper to be to continue to function until the lever is kept by wrung out.

At deeper push-up of the lever also inclusion of a washer of glass is made.

At a lever otpuskaniye shutdown of a cleaner and washer of glass happens automatically.

If to detain the lever in the wrung-out situation, after its otpuskaniye the screen wiper will work two more - three times.

Instant pressing the lever makes inclusion of the interval mode of functioning of a screen wiper. The period of operation of a brush in this mode makes 5 seconds. Shutdown of the interval mode is made by repeated push-up of the lever of the switch.

The equipment of the control panel and deflectors of air ducts, the choice of the modes of functioning of system of heating/ventilation of salon - model without air conditioner.

Control panel

 


Handle of the direction of distribution of air (A)

By means of this handle the choice of the direction of distribution of air between air ducts of system of heating/ventilation of salon is carried out.

The handle of the choice of the high-speed mode of functioning of a fan/overshoot of an air inlet (In)

By means of this handle the consumption of the air forced in salon is regulated. The handle has five discrete provisions (0, I, II, III and IIII). In position 0 of the handle the fan is switched-off, and the airintaking path is blocked completely that allows to avoid hit in salon strongly gas-polluted or badly the smelling air. In order to avoid fogging of glasses and creation of the stuffy atmosphere in salon it is not necessary to block an air inlet for a long time.

The handle of adjustment of temperature of the air given to salon (C)

In extreme left situation the heater is disconnected. Smooth temperature increase of the forced air is carried out by turn of the handle clockwise.

Deflectors of air ducts

 


Depending on the chosen position of the handle From the control panel in interior of the car via deflectors of air ducts the cold or warmed-up air moves. Distribution of distribution of air between air ducts of system is carried out by means of the handle A. Besides, deflectors of the dashboard 3 and 4 (see an accompanying illustration) are equipped with the rotary blinds and gates allowing to change the direction of the leaving stream or to completely block giving at the request of the operator. The overshoot of the section through passage of the deflector is carried out by turn of a castor of the regulator down. For giving opening the castor should be turned up. The turn of the directing zhalyuziyny lattice of the deflector is made with the help a rychazhka of management.

Air supply in lobbies and back foot wells is carried out on air ducts of the lower level 5, united in the general path.
The mode of an obduv wind and side glasses at their frosting

Turn the handle In the control panel in situation IIII. Turn out handles A and C against the stop to the right. Close gates of deflectors of air ducts 3. 4 develop Zhalyuziyny lattices of deflectors of air ducts so that air came out in the direction of glasses of forward doors of the car.
Prevention of fogging wind and side glasses

At the increased humidity of air (a rain, fog, etc.) of glass of the car tend to fogging.

For removal of condensate turn the handle In the control panel in situation II or III. Include a heater in cold weather, having turned the handle C in required position. Move the handle A to situation. Block deflectors of air ducts 3. 4 develop Zhalyuziyny lattices of deflectors of air ducts so that air came out in the direction of glasses of forward doors of the car.

The accelerated heating of salon


Turn the handle In the control panel in situation IIII, C turn out against the stop to the right. Turn the handle A in situation. Block deflectors of air ducts 3 and 4.

Creation of comfortable temperature conditions in interior of the car

Having eliminated condensate from glasses and having warmed up salon, make the following settings:

Turn the handle B in situation II or III. Transfer the handle C to the situation corresponding to the optimum temperature of the air forced in salon.
Install the handle A in situation and block deflectors of air ducts 3. 4 develop Zhalyuziyny lattices of deflectors of air ducts in situation optimum at discretion.

Mode of ventilation of salon

For airing of salon it is necessary to provide giving in it external air via deflectors of air ducts 3 and 4.

By means of the handle B choose the desirable high-speed mode of functioning of the fan. Turn out the handle C against the stop to the left. Transfer the handle A to situation, or, proceeding from a concrete situation. Open air supply via deflectors of air ducts 3 and 4.

General instructions

Correct functioning of system of heating/ventilation of an elephant is possible only on condition of normal passability of section of the airintaking lattice located before a car windshield. You watch a condition of a lattice, from time to time clean it from snow, ice, the got stuck leaves and other garbage.

All handles of the control panel, except for handles A and B, allow to make smooth adjustment of under control parameters.
It is possible to avoid fogging of glasses at a slow speed of the movement of the car due to the choice of the maximum high-speed mode of the fan of a heater.
Heater heat exchanger productivity directly depends on temperature of cooling liquid. The maximum return can achieve only after warming up of the engine up to the normal working temperature.

Air circulation in salon is provided due to continuous outflow through the air vents located in the lower part of back doors of the car.