since 1994 release
Repair and operation of the car
+ Cars of the Skoda Felicia brand
- Maintenance instruction
Dashboard and governing bodies
The equipment of the control panel and deflectors of air ducts, the choice of the modes of functioning of system of heating/ventilation of salon - model with the air conditioner
Adjustment of rear-view mirrors
RKPP control lever
Equipment of salon
Methods of operation
Towage of the trailer
+ Routine maintenance
+ Repair of the engine
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply system
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body and finishing of salon
+ Onboard electric equipment
Seat beltsGeneral information
It is proved that Seat belts provide rather reliable protection of the driver and passengers of vehicles at emergency collisions. Obligatory use of seat belts is provided in the majority of the countries by the law.
Pregnant women also have to use seat belts.
Efficiency of functioning of seat belts directly depends on correctness of their laying.
At head-on collision not fastened persons who are in interior of the car jump out forward, uncontrolledly hitting against the found obstacles (a steering wheel, the dashboard, a windshield, etc.).
Widespread opinion that at light blow it is possible to keep, having rested against something hands is a deep delusion in view of extremely high accelerations arising during sharp braking or change of the direction of the movement even at insignificant speeds of movement.
Back passengers are also obliged to be fastened by seat belts not to be thrown out in a forward half of salon.
The seat belt should not be clamped, overwound and rub about the cutting edges anywhere;
More than one person should not be fastened by one belt at the same time (including children);
Maximum efficiency of protection of seat belts is reached at the correct position of the body sitting;
The belt should not be thrown through the firm or fragile objects laid in pockets (including pencils, pens, keys, etc.);
Multiple layers of free outerwear have an adverse effect on efficiency of the protection provided with seat belts;
Different use of the clips allowing to regulate and fix belts is forbidden, adjusting them to features of a structure of the body sitting;
Bracket of the lock of a seat belt it has to be latched only in the buckle intended for this belt;
It is necessary to watch purity of seat belts - pollution is capable to break serviceability of functioning of the returnable device;
The reception opening of a buckle of the lock of a seat belt should not be filled with any foreign objects (like scraps of paper, coins, etc.);
The damaged seat belts, and also belts which were exposed to the raised loadings at emergency collision are subject to replacement. It is necessary to check also a condition of anchor fastenings of belts;
Three-anchor seat belts of inertial type
Seat belts of inertial type do not constrain freedom of movement of the persons fastened by them at all.
At sharp braking or maneuvering of the car there is an automatic blocking of a drum of the returnable device and a possibility of movement of the body sitting is limited.
Having pulled a belt for the sliding lock bracket, throw its humeral section through a breast. The zone section of a belt has to capture upper thighs. Fill a lock bracket in a reception groove of a buckle and latch the lock. Make sure of serviceability of operation of the lock, having pulled a belt.
The humeral section of a belt has to pass through a middle part of the shoulder sitting and densely press out a thorax. The zone section has to provide fixings of pelvic department of a trunk, settling down as above on hips sitting is possible.
The top anchor fastening regulated on height allows to adapt a belt on growth and the sizes of the body sitting.
For adjustment of height of fastening press a clamp rychazhok, then move a floating anchor bracket in the corresponding direction.
Having adjusted properly fastening height, short breakthrough check reliability of fixing of a floating bracket.
Pregnant women also without fail have to be fastened by a seat belt. At the same time the zone section of a belt has to settle down as above on hips sitting is possible and not to cover from above a stomach at all.
For removal of a belt it is necessary to press otpuskaniye of the lock which is built in in a buckle the red button. The uvula of a floating bracket of the lock will be pushed out from a buckle under the influence of the effort developed by a spring. Taking-up of an unfastened belt on a drum of the returnable device will happen automatically. In case of need it is possible to correct the sliding lock bracket a hand. The plastic emphasis of a bracket will provide to a lock uvula position of readiness for use.
Zone seat belt
The central place on a back seat of the car is equipped with a zone seat belt. The principle of functioning of the lock of a two-anchor zone belt is completely identical to that for belts of three-anchor type.
Adjustment of length of a zone belt is made by change of provision of a castle bracket. The fastened belt has to press out densely upper thighs of sitting, providing a reliable emphasis for pelvic department of a trunk. The free end of a belt is fixed by its threading in a plastic frame.
Automatic devices of a tension of seat belts
For the purpose of increase in level of safety of the driver and the passenger three-anchor seat belts of front seats of the car can be equipped by automatic natyazhitel.
Activation of devices happens at strong front blows. Under the influence of an overload pyros of the drive of drums of natyazhitel explode and belts are tightened, providing more reliable support to a body of sitting.
Weak overloads do not cause operation of natyazhitel.
At activation of natyazhitel there can be easy smoke which should not be a reason for concern.
Devices are intended only for single operation and after it are subject to replacement (together with belts).
Utilization of natyazhitel has to be made with observance of special precautionary measures (consult at specialists of car service).
Transportation of children
Transportation of children of younger and middle age has to be made with use of the special devices installed on a seat of the car and fixed together with sitting seat belts. For consultations address experts company service centers of the companies manufacturers of cars, and also sellers company automobile accessories.
Inflatable safety cushions in combination with automatic natyazhitel of three-anchor belts (see above) forms system of additional safety of the car (SRS).
Activation of system, happens only at inclusion of ignition.
On all models equipped with safety cushions on a nave of a steering wheel and (at the corresponding complete set) the right side of the dashboard precautionary shilda with the inscription "Airbag" are fixed.
Operation of safety cushions does not happen:
- At side blows;
- Arrivals behind;
- Capsizing of the car;
- Easy head-on collisions.
For this reason, seat belts should not consider pillows an alternative and to be fastened by them on each trip in surely order.
Components of system of safety cushions are among:
- Electronic control unit (ECU);
- One or two inflatable pillows with the built-in gas generator;
- A control lamp on an instrument guard of the car.
The module of a driver's safety cushion is placed in a nave of a steering wheel, passenger - in the right part of the dashboard.
Serviceability of a condition of components of system is confirmed on short-term operation of a control lamp of an instrument guard at inclusion of ignition.
Safety cushions do not need in any service throughout all term of the / the car of service.
Signs of malfunction of a condition of safety cushions is the following:
- At inclusion of ignition in an instrument guard the corresponding control lamp does not light up;
- The control lamp does not die away several seconds later after start of the engine;
- The control lamp lights up or begins to blink during the movement.
In each of the listed cases the car follows at the first opportunity to drive away on car repair shop for detailed diagnostics of system with use of the special equipment.
Principle of functioning
Design of safety cushions such is that operation of gas generators happens only at strong front blows.
Epyura of sensitivity of initiators is given in an illustration.
At operation of a gas generator the inflatable capacity of a pillow for fractions of a second is filled with gas and fills free space between a steering wheel / dashboard and to drivers/lobbies the passenger, minimizing freedom of movement of the last.
The possibility of automatic controlled deflation of gas from working capacity in process of increase of an overload is in addition provided in safety cushions of the last years of release that allows in an essential measure to soften blow.
In the models equipped with safety cushions it is necessary to try not to nestle too close on a steering wheel / dashboard, and also to pay special attention to correctness of adjustment of provision of front seats. In order to avoid casual operation of initiators performance of any manipulations with system components is forbidden.